Specific fiber supplements have an additional dimension of effectiveness on obesity by reducing excess insulin levels and actually reducing the number of calories absorbed.
Perhaps the best example is guar gum, a water soluble fiber derivative of the Indian cluster bean. Ten grams of guar gum twice daily before lunch and dinner achieve a weight loss of about a pound per week, while improving insulin utilization and cholesterol ratios.
Start with a low dose of one to two grams before meals to avoid excessive gas. Various other fiber sources and combinations of pectin, glucomannon (from konjac root), beet, and barley are also effective against obesity.
- Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) (fats) have been found to save 50 percent of the calories compared to a similar intake of long chain triglycerides. These triglycerides can be used as an oil in salad dressings, for instance, or taken as a supplement, one to two tablespoonfuls daily. Health food stores market products containing MCTs. To be fully effective, intake of long chain triglycerides must be kept to reasonably low meaning a diet relatively low in animal fat.
- Overweight volunteers taking 200 meg of chromium picolinate with 100 mg of L carnitine daily, plus vitamins and minerals, have been shown to average a 15 pound weight loss in eight weeks. This combination was observed to increase their metabolism as well.
- Pantothenic acid (vitamin B-5), 2,500 mg four times daily, enabled a group of one hundred subjects to lose two and a half pounds a week over several months with no side effects.
- Tryptophan assimilated into the body is degraded to the amino acid 5 hydroxytryptophan, which in turn is metabolized to serotonin Higher serotomin levels reduce carbohydrate craving and hunger. 5-HTP is available without a prescription; doses of 300 mg three times a day in one study afforded a 12-pound weight loss in 12 weeks with almost total elimination of excessive hunger, even in the face of caloric restrictions. The only reported side effect was mild nausea in the early weeks of the study. An appropriate starting dose is 100 mg before meals, increasing after two weeks if weight loss is under one pound per week.
- Taking modest (10—20 mg) daily doses of DHEA in those who have low DHEA blood levels can contribute to weight loss.
- In Coenzyme Q1O—deficient subjects, 100 mg daily achieved a weight loss of 30 pounds in nine weeks An arbitrary trial without prior testing is reasonable.
In animals, the combination of ephedrine and caffeine increases sympathetic nervous system activity and burning of calones by brown fat brown fat, located between the shoulder blades, makes up only a small percentage of total body fat.
Surgical removal of the brown fat in animals leads to obesity severing all the nerves from the brown fat does the same thing, showing that the substantial influence on metabolic (calorie-burning) rate of this special fat is mediated through the sympathetic nervous system.
In one obesity human study, relatively low daily doses of a combination of caffeine (30 mg), ephedrine (22 mg), and theophylline, an asthma medication, (50 mg) led to an 8 percent increase in metabolism.
Elevation of blood pressure, headache, heart palpitations, and headache can occur if these doses are increased beyond these minimal amounts.