For those who already have bone density low enough to increase their fracture risk, there is another important level of risk reduction.
Safety proofing your home to reduce the risk of falls or other accidents that might provoke a fracture.
If this steps don’t concern you directly, they may still be valuable advice for e friend or loved one.
The following list will get you started:
- Avoid clutter on the floor, and especially on steps, so you won’t trip or slip.
- Carpet slippery floors. Avoid cleansers, waxes, or polishes them make floors slippery. Wipe up spills as soon as they occur. Use rubber nonskid mats under area rugs.
- Install handrails in the shower and bathtub, and use rubber decals on the floor to keep you from slipping.
- Replace tables or other furniture low enough to be out of your normal line of vision that you might trip over.
- Keep phone and electrical cords short, off the floor, and properly affixed against walls or baseboards so you won’t trip over them.
- Make sure hallways, closets, and especially stairs are well light bright.
- Install flashlights handy, and put in night lights anywhere you might be walking during the night.
Some additional safety strategies:
- Choose supportive shoes without slippery soles, but also avoid those with such heavy rubber soles that they might actually trip you up.
- Avoid clothes long enough to get caught under your foot, particularly on stairs.
- Be aware of medication side effects or interactions that effect your balance or coordination, and ask your doctor or pharmacist about alternatives.
- Keep your blood pressure within normal range.
- Exercise to build strength, flexibility, balance and coordination, all of which help falls.
- Have your hearing and vision tested and corrected as well as possible.
- Keep your phones in as many rooms ass possible.
- Use the appropriate assistance for walking.
- If you fall and thing you have broken something, don’t move or let anyone else move you until you get professional help.
- If you have a pet, keep careful tracks of its whereabouts .
- Get help with heavy lifting, or opening stubborn at the knees.
As the old joke goes, the falling isn’t so bad. It is hitting the ground that really gets you. Take the time to protect yourself so you don’t have to find out for yourself.